Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act - SourceWatch
The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States.. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for coal mine reclamation of abandoned mine lands. SMCRA also created the Office of Surface Mining, an agency within the U.S. Department of the,Effects of surface coal mining and land reclamation on,,Currently, growing concerns for the negative consequences of mining have highlighted the importance of reclamation in minesoil studies. This review has examined the mechanisms of coal mining and reclamation that affect soil properties (physical, chemical, biological) and described soil development in reclamation, with an emphasis on the reclaimed minesoil (RMS) properties of reclamation sites.Effects of surface coal mining and land reclamation on,,01-04-2019· Surface mining techniques include strip mining, mountaintop removal mining, and open-pit mining. Although mining and reclamation operations are complex and regionally specific, the overall coal mining process consists of similar sequential stages (preparing the surface, drilling, blasting, overburden removal, loading the deposit, haulage of the mined deposit, and rehabilitation).