energy end-use efficiency - UNDP
energy industries. Governments and companies should recognise innovations that can lower these obstacles. The external costs of energy use can be covered by energy taxes, environmental legislation, and greenhouse gas emissions trading. There is also an important role for international harmonisation of regulations for efficiency of traded products.Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology,Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology The last boomin technological innovation for the copper industry occurred in the first two dec-ades of this century, whenopen pit mining, flo- tation concentration,and the reverberatory smelter were adapted to porphyry copper ores.Copper demand, supply, and associated energy use to,01-07-2016· To minimize the impacts associated with copper production, it is important as well to increase the efficiency of energy use in the copper industry, to encourage the shift towards renewable technologies, and to maximize extraction efficiency of copper’s companion metals (Te, Se, Ag, Co, and Mo), which are necessary for the transition to sutainable energy, transportation, and industrial systems.